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Greenhouse Gas (GHG) emissions Scope 1, Scope 2

Data source provider

ESG Book

Use cases

Climate-related disclosures, Exposure quantification, Financial stability monitoring, Investment and lending decisions, Scenario analysis, Stress testing

Data group

GHG emissions

Metric Type


Methodology/ Standard / Classification/ Taxonomy / Reference

1. GHG Protocol Corporate Accounting and Reporting Standard
2. 2006 Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) Guidelines for National GHG Inventories / Malaysia Biennial Update Report to UNFCCC
3. Annual Greenhouse Gas index

Unit (e.g. CO2)

Tonnes CO2e

Dimension (e.g. Sector, Customer)

By Entity

Time horizon 




Time series

Varies by companies



Observation on data availability/gaps

ESG Book provides disclosure of GHG emission scope 1 and 2 for public-listed companies that disclose this information in the annual report. There are a total of 1,569 Malaysian corporations in ESG Book. However, only 243 corporations disclose their Scope 1, Scope 2 and Scope 3 emission. Users can sign up with no cost to obtain this data as ESG Book is a freemium platform (with delayed scoring of 3 months). Real-time data and scoring require paid subscription.

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