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Greenhouse Gas (GHG) emissions Scope 1, Scope 2

Data source provider

Ministry of Energy and Natural Resources (NRECC)

Use cases

Climate-related disclosures, Exposure quantification, Financial stability monitoring, Investment and lending decisions, Scenario analysis, Stress testing

Data group

GHG emissions

Metric Type


Methodology/ Standard / Classification/ Taxonomy / Reference

1. GHG Protocol Corporate Accounting and Reporting Standard
2. 2006 Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) Guidelines for National GHG Inventories / Malaysia Biennial Update Report to UNFCCC
3. Annual Greenhouse Gas index

Unit (e.g. CO2)

Tonnes CO2e

Dimension (e.g. Sector, Customer)

By Sector

Time horizon 




Time series




Observation on data availability/gaps

Projections under 3 scenarios:
1. Business-as-usual (BAU)
2. Planning scenario incorporates existing policies and planned initiatives that would be implemented until 2030 (PLAN)
3. Ambitious scenario looks at potential emissions reduction when additional mitigation measures are implemented (AMB)

GHG emission published by NRECC is based on sector and sub sector (IPCC Guidelines) instead of scopes 1 and 2. The sectors are Energy, Industrial Processes and Product Use, Agriculture Forestry and Other Land Use, and Waste instead of industrial sector classification as per MSIC 2008.

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