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Emission factors by Scope 1, 2 and 3

Data source provider

Institute for Global Environmental Strategies (IGES)

Use cases

Climate-related disclosures, Exposure quantification, Financial stability monitoring, Investment and lending decisions, Scenario analysis, Stress testing

Data group

GHG emissions

Metric Type


Methodology/ Standard / Classification/ Taxonomy / Reference

1. GHG Protocol Corporate Accounting and Reporting Standard
2. 2006 Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) Guidelines for National GHG Inventories / Malaysia Biennial Update Report to UNFCCC
3. Annual Greenhouse Gas index

Unit (e.g. CO2)

Grid emission factor for renewable energy (tCO2/MWh)

Dimension (e.g. Sector, Customer)

By Country

Time horizon 



Latest Update

Time series

Not available



Observation on data availability/gaps

IGES List of Grid Emission Factors provides information to be utilized for research and analysis on emissions calculation. Grid Emission Factor refers to CO2 emission factor (tCO2/MWh) which will be associated with each unit of electricity provided by an electricity system. It is a parameter to determine the baseline emissions for CDM projects in the renewable energy sector (hydro, wind, solar PV, and geothermal power, etc.) and waste heat/gas recovery sector.

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