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Climate Scenarios

Data source provider

Global Real Estate Sustainability Benchmark (GRESB)

Use cases

Exposure quantification, Scenario analysis, Stress testing

Data group

GHG emissions

Metric Type


Methodology/ Standard / Classification/ Taxonomy / Reference

Not Applicable

Unit (e.g. CO2)

kWh/m2 and CO2/m2.

Dimension (e.g. Sector, Customer)

By Scenario

Time horizon 




Time series




Observation on data availability/gaps

The Carbon Risk Real Estate Monitor (CRREM) provides the real estate industry with transparent, science-based decarbonization pathways aligned with the Paris Climate Goals of limiting global temperature rise to 2°C, with ambition towards 1.5°C. The Global Pathways also covers Malaysia. The CRREM tool is an EU-based tool which helps to identify which properties will be at risk of stranding due to the expected increase in the stringent building codes, regulation, and carbon prices. In principle, the tool can also be used outside the EU and also applicable for other building types. The excel-based solution is flexible and not limited to the EU or commercial real estate.

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